Mount Harriet National Park

Mount Harriet National Park


Distance from Airport: Approximated – 28 KM.
Transportation Options: By Vehicle & Trekking
Closing Day: No, Everyday Opens
Visiting Time: 0700 -1615 Hrs
Park Entry Ticket: 50/-pp
Trip Duration: 06 to 08 Hours
Major Attraction: North Bay, Havelock & Neil Island View
Activities: Sunset View Point / Bird Watching / Tracking / Photography
Toilet: Available
Food Option: Not Available
Night Stay: Available
Caution: Be aware of Leech in Monsoon

Mount Harriet (Mount Manipur National Park)


As a tribute to the freedom fighters of Manipur, the Union government has decided to rename Mount Harriet, an island peak in Andaman and Nicobar islands. It will now be known as Mount Manipur, officials said.
Mount Harriet is the highest peak in South Andaman Island and the second-highest peak in the whole of the Andaman Islands. Mount Harriet is situated in Port Blair, the capital city of the Andaman Islands. Mount Harriet Forest National Park was initially a reserve forest which was later converted into a national park in 1979. This famous peak is named after Harriet Tytler, wife of Mr. Robert Christopher Tytler who was a British army officer and a photographer in the early 1860s.

The attraction for which this place is famous is the view of the Light House that is located in North Bay, the picture of a lighthouse on the back of a Twenty Rupees Indian Currency Note is the picture taken from this viewpoint of Mount Harriet. So the point from where this view is seen is commonly known as the “20 Rupees viewpoint” by the locals and most of the visitors.

It goes without saying that being one of a renowned national park, Mount Harriet is blessed abundantly with a wide variety of nature’s flora and fauna. What makes the park particularly alluring is the fact that the place houses some species which are deemed to be extinct by many.

The forest area of Mount Harriet National Park is spread over an area of around 47 sq km and is known for its dense forests and beautiful landscapes. The park is home to a variety of flora and fauna, including rare orchids, Andaman wild pigs, saltwater crocodiles, Nicobar tree shrew, and many more.

One of the popular activities that tourists enjoy in Mount Harriet National Park is trekking. There are several trekking trails in the park that offer breathtaking views of the surrounding forests and landscapes. The trek to Madhuban is one of the most popular ones which is around 16 km and takes around 6 hours to complete. The trek passes through dense forests, streams, and hills and is a great experience for adventure lovers.
The park also has a small museum and a souvenir shop where visitors can learn about the history and culture of the Andaman Islands and purchase souvenirs and handicrafts made by local artisans.

In conclusion, the renaming of Mount Harriet to Mount Manipur is a tribute to the freedom fighters of Manipur and adds to the significance of the place. The park is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers visiting the Andaman Islands.


Mount Harriet has a rich history and cultural significance. The peak was named after Harriet Tytler, the wife of British army officer and photographer Robert Christopher Tytler, who explored the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the 19th century. In 1942, the Japanese captured the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and used Mount Harriet as a lookout point. The peak was recaptured by the British in 1945, and a plaque commemorating the event was installed on the summit.

During the British Raj, Mount Harriet served as a summer retreat for the Lieutenant Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The peak was also used as a meteorological observatory and a radio transmitter. In 1979, Mount Harriet Forest Reserve was declared a national park to protect its rich biodiversity, including rare and endemic species.

In 2021, the Union government of India decided to rename Mount Harriet as Mount Manipur in honor of the freedom fighters of Manipur. This decision was taken to acknowledge the contribution of Manipur to India’s struggle for independence and to honor the sacrifices made by the people of Manipur. The renaming ceremony was held on 4th January 2022 and was attended by the Chief Minister of Manipur, N. Biren Singh, and other dignitaries.


The best time to visit Mount Harriet National Park is during the months of October to April, which is the winter season in the Andaman Islands. The weather during this time is pleasant, with moderate temperatures and clear skies, making it ideal for outdoor activities like trekking and hiking. The monsoon season from May to September can bring heavy rains and strong winds, making it difficult to explore the park.


To reach Mount Harriet National Park from Bambooflat Jetty, one can take a ferry to Chatham Island and then a bus or taxi to reach the park. From Bambooflat Jetty, there are frequent ferry services available to Chatham Island. Once you reach Chatham Island, you can hire a taxi or Auto to reach Mount Harriet National Park. The journey from Chatham Island to the park takes around 20-25 minutes by road.

BY TREKKING: Another option to reach Mount Harriet National Park from Bambooflat Jetty is to take a trekking trail. There are several trekking trails available from Bambooflat Jetty to Mount Harriet National Park, which offer breathtaking views of the Andaman Sea and the surrounding forests. The trekking trail from Bambooflat Jetty to Mount Harriet National Park takes around 2-3 hours, depending on your pace and fitness level. It is advisable to take a guide along with you on the trek as the trails can be confusing and difficult to navigate for first-time visitors.


Here are some things you should consider carrying while visiting Mount Harriet National Park:

  • Comfortable walking shoes: As the park offers several hiking trails, it is essential to wear comfortable walking shoes or sneakers to avoid any foot discomfort or injuries.
  • Sunscreen: The Andaman Islands have a tropical climate, and it is essential to carry sunscreen to protect your skin from the harmful sun rays.
  • Water bottle: Staying hydrated is crucial while hiking or exploring the park. It is recommended to carry a reusable water bottle to minimize plastic waste.
  • Snacks: The park does not have many food options, so it is advisable to carry some snacks to munch on during the hike.
  • Insect repellent: The park is home to a variety of insects, including mosquitoes, so carrying insect repellent is a good idea.
  • Binoculars: If you are a bird watcher or interested in wildlife observation, carrying binoculars can enhance your experience.
  • Camera: Mount Harriet National Park offers stunning views and picturesque landscapes, making it a perfect place for photography enthusiasts. Therefore, carrying a camera can help you capture some memorable moments.
  • Rain gear: As the Andaman Islands receive heavy rainfall, especially during the monsoon season, it is advisable to carry rain gear to avoid getting wet.


There are several things to do in Mount Harriet National Park, some of which are

Trekking: The national park offers various trekking trails for nature enthusiasts. The most popular trek is from Mount Harriet to Madhuban which takes about 16 km.

Birdwatching: The park is a haven for birdwatchers as it houses a diverse range of bird species including the Andaman woodpecker, Andaman drongo, Andaman treepie, and many more.

Photography: The park’s scenic beauty and diverse flora and fauna offer a great opportunity for photography enthusiasts to capture some stunning shots.

Picnic: The national park is an ideal location for a peaceful and refreshing picnic with friends and family.

Visit the Lighthouse: The park offers a picturesque view of the North Bay lighthouse which is situated across the water.

Wildlife spotting: Mount Harriet National Park is home to a variety of wildlife species including spotted deer, wild pigs, saltwater crocodiles, and many more. Visitors can try spotting them in their natural habitat.

Nature walk: Visitors can take a leisurely walk through the park’s trails and soak in the natural beauty and serenity of the place.

It is important to note that visitors must follow the park’s rules and regulations and avoid littering to preserve the natural beauty of the park.


Here are some travel tips for visiting Mount Harriet National Park:

  • Wear comfortable and sturdy shoes as the terrain can be rocky and uneven.
  • Carry sufficient water and snacks to keep yourself hydrated and energized throughout the trek.
  • Pack insect repellent to protect yourself from mosquito and other insect bites.
  • Carry sunscreen lotion and sunglasses to protect yourself from the harsh sun.
  • Wear light and comfortable clothing that allows for easy movement.
  • Respect the flora and fauna of the park and do not litter or damage the environment.
  • It is advisable to hire a local guide to ensure a safe and enjoyable trekking experience.
  • Check weather conditions before starting the trek and plan accordingly.
  • It is recommended to carry a first aid kit for emergencies.
  • Keep your camera and binoculars handy to capture the breathtaking views and wildlife sightings.

Asked Questions

Mount Harriet National Park is known for its scenic beauty and rich biodiversity. The park is home to a variety of flora and fauna, including many species of birds, butterflies, and mammals.

The best time to visit Mount Harriet National Park is between October and April when the weather is pleasant and dry. However, the park remains open throughout the year.

Visitors can engage in a variety of activities at Mount Harriet National Park, including trekking, bird watching, wildlife photography, and nature walks. There are also several trails in the park that offer breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

No, there are no accommodation options available inside the national park. However, visitors can stay in nearby hotels or guesthouses in Port Blair.

Yes, it is safe to visit Mount Harriet National Park. However, visitors should be cautious and follow the rules and regulations of the park to ensure their safety and the safety of the wildlife.

The entry fee for Mount Harriet National Park is Rs. 25 per person for Indians and Rs. 250 per person for foreigners. Additionally, a permit fee of Rs. 50 is charged for cameras.

Mount Harriet National Park is home to a variety of wildlife, including spotted deer, wild pigs, macaques, and a wide variety of bird species. Visitors may also spot rare and endangered species like the Andaman wild pig and the Nicobar megapode.

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